the czech republic

The Czech Republic, is a landlocked country in Central Europe. The country is bordered by Germany to the west, Austria to the south, Slovakia to the east and Poland to the north. Its capital and largest city, with 1.3 million inhabitants, is...

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The Czech Republic, is a landlocked country in Central Europe. The country is bordered by Germany to the west, Austria to the south, Slovakia to the east and Poland to the north. Its capital and largest city, with 1.3 million inhabitants, is Prague. The Czech Republic includes the historical territories of Bohemia and Moravia and a small part of Silesia.

The Czech state, formerly known as Bohemia, was formed in the late 9th century as a small duchy around Prague, at that time under the dominance of the powerful Great Moravian Empire. After the fall of the Empire in 907, the centre of power was transferred from Moravia to Bohemia, under the Přemyslids. Since 1002 it was formally recognized as part of Holy Roman Empire. In 1212 the duchy was raised to a kingdom and during the rule of Přemyslid dukes/kings and their successors, the Luxembourgs, the country reached its greatest territorial extent. During the Hussite wars the kingdom faced economic embargoes and crusades from all over Europe. Following the Battle of Mohács in 1526, the Kingdom of Bohemia was gradually integrated into the Habsburg monarchy as one of its three principal parts, alongside the Archduchy of Austria and the Kingdom of Hungary. The Bohemian Revolt lost in the Battle of White Mountain, led to the further centralization of the monarchy including forced recatholization and Germanization. With the dissolution of the Holy Roman Empire in 1806, the Bohemian kingdom became part of the Austrian Empire. In the 19th century the Czech lands became the industrial powerhouse of the monarchy and the core of the Republic of Czechoslovakia which was formed in 1918, following the collapse of the Austro-Hungarian Empire after World War I. After 1933, Czechoslovakia remained the only democracy in central and eastern Europe.

After the Munich Agreement, Polish annexation of Zaolzie and German occupation of Czechoslovakia and the consequent disillusion with the Western response and gratitude for the liberation of the major portion of Czechoslovakia by the Red Army, the Communist Party of Czechoslovakia won the majority in the 1946 elections. In the 1948 coup d'état, Czechoslovakia became a communist-ruled state. In 1968, the increasing dissatisfaction culminated in attempts to reform the communist regime. The events, known as the Prague Spring of 1968, ended with an invasion by the armies of the Warsaw Pact countries ; the troops remained in the country until the 1989 Velvet Revolution, when the communist regime collapsed. On 1 January 1993, Czechoslovakia peacefully dissolved into its constituent states, the Czech Republic and the Slovak Republic.

some cities

experiences (3)

have you spent time in the czech republic? share your experiences

6

prague, czech republic - anonymous' reflections after years there in their 50s

posted by anonymous on 10/31/13.

How much time have you spent in the Czech Republic? How old were you when you came to the Czech Republic? Where were you before?

I first visited Prague in 2005 before moving here full-time three months later. I was 48 when I moved here from London, UK.

What brought you to the Czech Republic?

I'd read an article about Prague and how the British embassy here was being swamped by drunk and injured Brits unable to find their way to hospital so I decided to market a tourist magazine aimed at solving the problem. It fell through but, by that time, I'd fallen in love with the city (and a lovely Czech girl) and decided to move here anyway.

Describe the city you live in in the Czech Republic and your impressions of it.

Prague is just about the most beautiful place I've ever lived. Just waking up and looking out of the window is inspiring (I'm an artist by trade) and to stand on one of its many bridges with the woman you love is by far the most romantic thing in the world. It's bohemian, atmospheric, weird, scary and everything a creative person could hope for in a city.

Was making friends and meeting people in the Czech Republic in general easy or difficult?

My first job...

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5

brno, czech republic - anonymous' reflections after years there in their 20s

posted by anonymous on 04/15/14.

How much time have you spent in the Czech Republic?

I've been here since May 2010, but came to visit for a few months in 2009 or 2008.

How old were you when you came to the Czech Republic? Where were you before?

I was 27 when I came here. I was born and raised around the Washington D.C. Area. I spent 2 years living in Colorado around 2002-2004

What brought you to the Czech Republic? What made you choose the Czech Republic over any other place you could've gone?

I came here because I met my current fiancée while she was a foreign exchange student at my college. She told me that if I didn't come over then i'd probably never see her again, so I jumped on a plane :)

Describe the city you live in in the Czech Republic and your impressions of it.

I live in Brno... it's got the small town feel but it's a big town. The people here are nice compared to Prague where it's more of a “Why are you in my way?” whereas in Brno they seem to be genuinely interested in foreigners and are willing to help.

How does the city you live in compare to other cities in the Czech Republic? What drew you to the city you live in over other cities in the Czech Republic?

Again, the woman :)...

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2

prague, czech republic - kevinmeng1's (m/29/united states) thoughts after months there in their 20s

posted by kevinmeng1 on 10/03/13.

I woke up every day at 6...then hit the snooze button until 6:10. after two more presses of the snooze button, I got out of bed at 6:30 and began rushing to get ready to leave by 7.

I would sit in traffic as I made my way through the eastern reaches of the New York City area(or the tri-state as it's called by locals).

I would drive 30 miles to work and stay in that office from 8-430. You know, the usual BS that you have to do: Make phone calls, research new products, file away endless paper work, write emails.

Not physically taxing, but certainly a drain on my mental abilities.

By the time I reached home in southwestern Connecticut, I was dead tired.

In America you are taught that your best use to society is to work.

50+ hour weeks weren't uncommon for me.

We had a nice condo with a nice new kitchen, a dog and cat, cable television, my girlfriend drove an SUV, and I had some money in the bank.

A nice life by any means.

I just didn't want it.

It began to weigh heavy on my relationship with my girlfriend.

We just needed out.

We were talking about living in an exotic place where we were the foreigners, where we lived a simpler life, and didn't care about money so...

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demographics

population

10,177,300 (July 2012 est.)

ethnic groups

Czech 90.4%, Moravian 3.7%, Slovak 1.9%, other 4% (2001 census)

languages

Czech 94.9%, Slovak 2%, other 2.3%, unidentified 0.8% (2001 census)

religions

Roman Catholic 26.8%, Protestant 2.1%, other 3.3%, unspecified 8.8%, unaffiliated 59% (2001 census)

age structure

0-14: 0-14 years: 13.4% (male 703,476/ female 665,087)

15-64: 15-64 years: 69.6% (male 3,564,702/ female 3,514,501)

65+: 65 years and over: 17% (male 694,215/ female 1,035,319) (2012 est.)

urbanization

74% of total population (2010)

life expectancy

77.38 years

obesity rate

15.1% (2002)

literacy rate

99%

average years of education

15 years

economics

cost of living

4/10 (medium-low)

economic overview

The Czech Republic is a stable and prosperous market economy, which harmonized its laws and regulations with those of the EU prior to its EU accession in 2004. While the...

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The Czech Republic is a stable and prosperous market economy, which harmonized its laws and regulations with those of the EU prior to its EU accession in 2004. While the conservative, inward-looking Czech financial system has remained relatively healthy, the small, open, export-driven Czech economy remains sensitive to changes in the economic performance of its main export markets, especially Germany. When Western Europe and Germany fell into recession in late 2008, demand for Czech goods plunged, leading to double digit drops in industrial production and exports. As a result, real GDP fell 4.7% in 2009, with most of the decline occurring during the first quarter. Real GDP, however, has slowly recovered with positive quarter-on-quarter growth starting in the second half of 2009 and continuing throughout 2011. The auto industry remains the largest single industry, and, together with its upstream suppliers, accounts for nearly 24% of Czech manufacturing. The Czech Republic produced more than a million cars for the first time in 2010, over 80% of which were exported. Foreign and domestic businesses alike voice concerns about corruption especially in public procurement. Other long term challenges include dealing with a rapidly aging population, funding an unsustainable pension and health care system, and diversifying away from manufacturing and toward a more high-tech, services-based, knowledge economy.

major industries

motor vehicles, metallurgy, machinery and equipment, glass, armaments

motor vehicles, metallurgy, machinery and equipment, glass, armaments

gdp per capita

$27,100 (2011 est.)

gdp growth rate

1.7% (2011 est.)

gdp composition by sector

agriculture: 1.8% industry: 38% services: 60.2% (2011 est.)

unemployment rate

8.5% (2011 est.)

population below poverty line

9% (2010 est.)

gini index

31 (2009) country comparison to the world: 109 25.4 (1996)