brazil

Brazil, officially the Federative Republic of Brazil, is the largest country in South America and in the Latin America region. It is the world's fifth largest country, both by geographical area and by population with over 193 million people. It is...

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Brazil, officially the Federative Republic of Brazil, is the largest country in South America and in the Latin America region. It is the world's fifth largest country, both by geographical area and by population with over 193 million people. It is the largest Lusophone country in the world, and the only one in the Americas.

Bounded by the Atlantic Ocean on the east, Brazil has a coastline of 7,491 km. It is bordered on the north by Venezuela, Guyana, Suriname and the French overseas region of French Guiana; on the northwest by Colombia; on the west by Bolivia and Peru; on the southwest by Argentina and Paraguay and on the south by Uruguay. Numerous archipelagos form part of Brazilian territory, such as Fernando de Noronha, Rocas Atoll, Saint Peter and Paul Rocks, and Trindade and Martim Vaz. It borders all other South American countries except Ecuador and Chile.

Brazil was a colony of Portugal from the landing of Pedro Álvares Cabral in 1500 until 1815, when it was elevated to the rank of kingdom and the United Kingdom of Portugal, Brazil and the Algarves was formed. The colonial bond was in fact broken in 1808, when the capital of the Portuguese colonial empire was transferred from Lisbon to Rio de Janeiro, after Napoleon invaded Portugal.Independence was achieved in 1822 with the formation of the Empire of Brazil, a unitary state governed under a constitutional monarchy and a parliamentary system. The country became a presidential republic in 1889, when a military coup d'état proclaimed the Republic, although the bicameral legislature, now called Congress, dates back to the ratification of the first constitution in 1824. Its current Constitution, formulated in 1988, defines Brazil as a federal republic. The Federation is formed by the union of the Federal District, the 26 States, and the 5,564 Municipalities.

The Brazilian economy is the world's seventh largest by nominal GDP and the seventh largest by purchasing power parity. Brazil is one of the world's fastest growing major economies. Economic reforms have given the country new international recognition. Brazil is a founding member of the United Nations, the G20, CPLP, Latin Union, the Organization of Ibero-American States, the Organization of American States, Mercosul and the Union of South American Nations, and is one of the BRIC countries. Brazil is also one of the 17 megadiverse countries, home to diverse wildlife, natural environments, and extensive natural resources in a variety of protected habitats.

some cities

experiences (3)

have you spent time in brazil? share your experiences

5

brazil - anonymous' thoughts after months there in their 30s

posted by anonymous on 10/08/13.

What brought you to Brazil? Where were you before?

My job, I'm an engineer and we specialize in inspection of onshore and offshore pipelines mostly. Also wind towers, dams, and other metal structures. Brazil is going through an economic boom at the moment, (I don't know how legit it is) so there is a lot of growth and development.

Describe the city you live in in Brazil.

I have lived in several. Natal and Fortaleza mostly. They are coastal cities that can be considered more on the touristy side. Beautiful beaches and high rise buildings that line the coast. Vendors and shops everywhere, and plenty of live music and attractions.

What are the the people of Brazil like? In what ways are they different than people in other places you've lived?

Brazilians are pretty wonderful people as a whole. They are very inviting and easy to get to know. They enjoy having fun and relaxing and enjoying the simple things in life. There are also negative sides I would say, they are heavily unionized and go on strike on a moments notice over anything that bothers them. They love all sorts of music, I have been surprised at their love for rock and roll and the diversity of mainstream...

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3

porto alegre, brazil - anonymous' thoughts after months there in their 20s

posted by anonymous on 01/02/14.

How much time have you spent in Brazil?

In total probably around 8 months, but not all at once. The longest stint was probably 6 months.

How old were you when you came to Brazil? Where were you before?

I was 21. Before that US.

What brought you to Brazil? What made you choose Brazil over any other place you could've gone?

I used to practice Brazilian Jiujitsu, so I kinda liked Brasil. My school had a study abroad there that was cheap so I went for it.

Describe the city you lived in in Brazil and your impressions of it.

The first city I went to and where I spent most of my time was Porto Alegre. Coming from a small city in a rural state it was an eye opener. I remember being impressed because I thought it would be less developed but it was pretty modern. Very lively.

How does the city you lived in compare to other cities in Brazil?

It is more European and much wealthier than lots of Brazil. Having been to Europe later in life I can a lot of similarities with it. Much whiter than average, and more educated. Porto Alegre is the Brazilian equivalent to San Francisco, Boston, or Seattle. That is where the trip went so I didn’t have much choice in picking the city....

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0

brazil - anonymous' thoughts after months there in their teens

posted by anonymous on 10/19/13.

Describe the city you lived in in Brazil and your impressions of it.

Rio Grande: one part Europe, one part Africa haha

Had more crime than most places I've lived, but I'm originally from Detroit so crime-wise it was probably safer in Rio Grande. But Flint is an anomaly in the first world. Rio Grande is not a very large city.

What are Brazilians like?

In general they're very friendly, although this is less true in the south and in bigger cities. Life for them tends to be simpler than we're used to. But Brazil is an extremely large country with an incredibly diverse population so it's difficult to generalize too much. They're just very open. Very easy to make friends with a Brazilian. Of course some would say they're superficial people, and this perspective has its validity. It's like anywhere else: making true friends takes time. But making initial friendly contact is very easy. They're friendlier, they're poorer, they love to fazer festa!!!

Was making friends and meeting people in Brazil in general easy or difficult?

It took a while for me to make friends. A lot of people just wanted to meet the gringo but not necessarily form deeper bonds. The language barrier...

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demographics

population

199,321,413 (July 2012 est.)

ethnic groups

white 53.7%, mulatto (mixed white and black) 38.5%, black 6.2%, other (includes Japanese, Arab, Amerindian) 0.9%, unspecified 0.7% (2000 census)

languages

Portuguese (official and most widely spoken language)

religions

Roman Catholic (nominal) 73.6%, Protestant 15.4%, Spiritualist 1.3%, Bantu/voodoo 0.3%, other 1.8%, unspecified 0.2%, none 7.4% (2000 census)

age structure

0-14: 0-14 years: 24.7% (male 25,066,889/ female 24,125,185)

15-64: 15-64 years: 68.2% (male 67,365,021/ female 68,597,919)

65+: 65 years and over: 7.1% (male 6,007,524/ female 8,158,875) (2012 est.)

urbanization

87% of total population (2010)

life expectancy

72.79 years

obesity rate

11.1% (2003)

literacy rate

88.6%

average years of education

14 years

economics

cost of living

4/10 (medium-low)

economic overview

Characterized by large and well-developed agricultural, mining, manufacturing, and service sectors, Brazil's economy outweighs that of all other South American countries,...

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Characterized by large and well-developed agricultural, mining, manufacturing, and service sectors, Brazil's economy outweighs that of all other South American countries, and Brazil is expanding its presence in world markets. Since 2003, Brazil has steadily improved its macroeconomic stability, building up foreign reserves, and reducing its debt profile by shifting its debt burden toward real denominated and domestically held instruments. In 2008, Brazil became a net external creditor and two ratings agencies awarded investment grade status to its debt. After strong growth in 2007 and 2008, the onset of the global financial crisis hit Brazil in 2008. Brazil experienced two quarters of recession, as global demand for Brazil's commodity-based exports dwindled and external credit dried up. However, Brazil was one of the first emerging markets to begin a recovery. In 2010, consumer and investor confidence revived and GDP growth reached 7.5%, the highest growth rate in the past 25 years. Rising inflation led the authorities to take measures to cool the economy; these actions and the deteriorating international economic situation slowed growth to 2.7% for 2011 as a whole, though forecasts for 2012 growth are somewhat higher. Despite slower growth in 2011, Brazil overtook the United Kingdom as the world's seventh largest economy in terms of GDP. Urban unemployment is at the historic low of 4.7% (December 2011), and Brazil's traditionally high level of income inequality has declined for each of the last 12 years. Brazil's high interest rates make it an attractive destination for foreign investors. Large capital inflows over the past several years have contributed to the appreciation of the currency, hurting the competitiveness of Brazilian manufacturing and leading the government to intervene in foreign exchanges markets and raise taxes on some foreign capital inflows. President Dilma ROUSSEFF has retained the previous administration's commitment to inflation targeting by the central bank, a floating exchange rate, and fiscal restraint.

major industries

textiles, shoes, chemicals, cement, lumber, iron ore, tin, steel, aircraft, motor vehicles and parts, other machinery and equipment

textiles, shoes, chemicals, cement, lumber, iron ore, tin, steel, aircraft, motor vehicles and parts, other machinery and equipment

gdp per capita

$11,800 (2011 est.)

gdp growth rate

2.7% (2011 est.)

gdp composition by sector

agriculture: 5.5% industry: 27.5% services: 67% (2011 est.)

unemployment rate

6% (2011 est.)

population below poverty line

21.4% (2009 est.)

gini index

51.9 (2012) country comparison to the world: 16 60.7 (1998)